Mallard, a Class A4 4-6-2 Steam Locomotive

Picture of Mallard, a steam locomotive from the olden days
Mallard


Built: Designed by Nigel Gresley for the London and North Eastern Railway in 1935

Description: LNER Class A4. Noted for its streamlined design, which not only improved its aerodynamics, thus increasing its speed capabilities, but also created an updraught to lift smoke away from the driver's vision. The distinctive design made it a particularly attractive subject for artists, photographers and film-makers, and they were known to train spotters as "streaks".

Duties: Hauled express passenger trains on the East Coast Main Line route from London Kings Cross via York and Newcastle to Edinburgh, Scotland.

Significant Events: On 3 July 1938 4468 Mallard; the first of the class to enter service with the Kylchap exhaust, pulling six coaches and a dynamometer car, set a world speed record (indicated by the dynamometer) of 126 mph (202.8 km/h). At the end of the record run, the middle big end (part of the motion for the inside cylinder) was found to have run hot and the bearing metal had melted,

Retirement: The first five withdrawals, in December 1963, were Silver Link, Walter K. Whigham, Andrew K. McCosh, Golden Fleece and Seagull. The rest of the class was withdrawn between 1963 and 1966.


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