Beyer-Garratt Steam Locomotive

Beyer-Garratt steam locomotive no. 409
Beyer-Garratt no. 409

Built: Ten Garratt steam locomotives (400 to 409) were built in 1953 by Beyer-Peacock of Manchester. Later orders were built by their European associate, Societe Franco-Belge de Materiel des Chemins-de-Fer, of Raismes in France.

Description: A "Garratt" steam locomotive, configuration 4-8-2 + 2-8-4, oil-fueled. Tractive force: 43520 ftlbs Weight:149t.
A Garratt is a steam locomotive that is articulated (i.e. can "flex") into three parts. The boiler is mounted on a centre frame, and the two engines are mounted on separate frames at each end. The purpose of the articulation is to allow larger locomotives to negotiate tighter curves and lighter rails than a similar rigid-framed locomotive.

Duties: Used for iron ore transport on the narrow-gauge line between Broken Hill and Port Pirie, South Australia. Garratts were designed to be easily converted for service on either the broad or standard gauge.

Significant Events: None found.

Retirement:Beyer Garratt no. 409 was withdrawn from service in 1970, and is preserved in the National Railway Museum, Port Adelaide.

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